I would like to thank my friend Ellis for send me this amazing article on the Mongolian Wildman. It has a wealth of information for anyone interested in the bipedal creatures that are spoken about worldwide. This article is from a blog called Malcolms Musings and you see the original article with links and images Here
One reason for taking cryptozoology seriously is the possibility that a significant species is going extinct before science has even established its existence. Thus, throughout the boreal forests of Russia, as far as Siberia, legends abound of primates apparently similar to the North American bigfoot. However, if the legends are correct, a wide tract of Central Asia also harbours isolated pockets of a different type of primate: slightly smaller, slightly more social, slightly more manlike (but only slightly). Such, for example, are the almasties of the Caucasus, and possibly the bar manu of Chitral. Peasants still claim to see them in Tajikistan. In Mongolia the term is almas (singular; it is not the plural of “alma”), and the leading researcher used to be Professor Yöngsiyebü-Biambyn Rinchen of Ulaan Baatar (1905 – 1977). The Mongolian alphabets are different to ours, so his surname has also been transliterated as “Rincen” and “Rinčen”, and his initial as “P” and “B”. In any case, in 1964 Prof Rinchen wrote a paper for the Italian journal, Genus in which he claimed that almas were then restricted to an area of 1,000 square kilometres [380 square miles] in his country. The paper can be read online here, the reference being: Rincen, Prof. P. R. (1964) Almas still exist in Mongolia. Genus 20: 186 – 192
The first few pages are concerned mostly with philology. We learn that, as I had originally suspected, nearly all the etymologies given in Ivan T. Sanderson’s Abominable Snowmen are ridiculous. The origin of the word, “almas” is unknown, although it does contribute to quite a few place names, such as Almasyn Ulan Oula, the Red Mountains of Almases.